v6 Vertex

  • ITdojo’s v6 Vertex #4: A Brief Explanation of IPv6 Address Types

    v6 Vertex – A Brief Explanation of IPv6 Address Types

    ITdojo’s v6 Vertex is an ever-expanding set of quick tips and useful advice for using IPv6 in your network.

    People who have been using IPv4 for some time know that there are three basic address types that are commonly discussed:  unicast, broadcast and multicast.

    When it comes to address types IPv6 offers us some of what we already know and then takes things a step further.  In this article I offer a quick, concise explanation of each IPv6 address type.

  • ITdojo’s v6 Vertex #2: Forcing ssh to use IPv6

    v6 Vertex – Quick Tips & Pointers for IPv6 Users

    ITdojo’s v6 Vertex is an ever-expanding set of quick tips and useful advice for using IPv6 in your network.

    SSH use is daily and ubiquitous. In our increasingly mixed IPv4/IPv6 world we need to be conscious of the ways in which we are connecting (or not connecting) to our devices.

    There are a few ways in which you will connect to your remote devices via SSH. They include:

    • By using the actual IP address (v4 or v6). This option doesn’t require much discussion. the type of IP address you enter (4 or 6) will determine the protocol you use.
      • Example: ssh 2001:db8::1234
      • Example: ssh 131.107.1.1
    • Using a NetBIOS name you can do a local broadcast or WINS query (Microsoft). This will give you IPv4 addresses only. IPv6 and NetBIOS don’t go together.
      • Example: ssh computer1
      • Note: Microsoft does not have a built-in ssh client.  It is one of the great mysteries of our time as to why they won’t embrace something so commonly used.
      • Another note: How your device is configured may vary the way in which this is resolved. It could get your system’s DNS suffix appended and be sent to DNS rather than broadcast on the local LAN or, perish the thought, sent to a WINS server. No, I have not forgotten the hosts file or the LMHOSTS file. I’m just ignoring them for the moment.
    • DNS query. This could return either an A record (IPv4), an AAAA record (IPv6), or both. This depends on your network. If you get both, most modern systems will prefer the AAAA record or use the “Happy Eyeballs” technique to connect to whichever responds first.
      • Example: ssh <fully-qualified-domain-name>
    • Multicast name resolution (mDNS, ZeroConf, SSDP, Bonjour, Avahi, etc.). Like DNS, this could return either an A record or an AAAA record, depending on the nodes in your network.