Advanced C++ Programming (Modern Advanced C++)

Duration:

5 Days

Audience:

Employees of federal, state and local governments; and businesses working with the government.

This an intermediate and beyond-level programming course, designed for experienced C++ developers.  This course is not recommended for developers new to C++ programming.

Course Overview

Advanced C++ Programming (Modern Advanced C++) is a lab-intensive, hands-on C++ training course geared for experienced C++ programmers who wish to take their development skills to the next level.  Students will leave this course armed with the required skills to put advanced C++ programming skills right to work in a practical environment, using sound coding techniques and best practices.

This comprehensive course consists of three modules. A preliminary module reviews topics, including inheritance, the ANSI C++ Standard Library, templates. I/O streams, and practical issues of C++ programming, such as reliability & testing. This material is covered as needed depending on the background of the students.

The second module covers more advanced topics.  Unit testing, advanced inheritance & polymorphism are discussed.  Memory management along with move constructors and RAII are explored.  Templates and generic programming are explored including lambda expressions and functors.  The third module is a deep dive into  the Standard C++ Library.  Containers, Algorithms, Threads and much more.

Throughout the course, new features of modern C++ (version 11 and beyond) are introduced as well as the impact on programming style.  These new features include smart pointers, move constructors, functional programming and lambda expressions.

Course Objectives

Working within an engaging, hands-on learning environment, attendees will explore:

  • C++ Fundamentals Refresher
  • Modern C++
  • Generic Programming
  • Memory Management
  • Inheritance and Polymorphism
  • Exception Handling
  • Operator Overloading
  • Unit Testing in C++
  • Functional Programming
  • Runtime Type Information
  • STL Containers
  • STL Iterators
  • Threads & Tasks

Topics Covered

Session: Overview/Review of C++

  • Implementing a basic O-O design
  • Implementing Classes

Session: Modern C++

  • New keywords in C++ 11,14,17
  • RAII – Modern memory management in C++ – overview
  • Copy vs Move semantics
  • Namespaces

Session: Generic Programming

  • General Purpose Functions
  • Function Templates
  • Template Parameters
  • Template Parameter Conversion
  • Function Template Problem
  • Generic Programming
  • General Purpose Classes
  • Class Templates
  • Class Template Instantiation
  • Non Type Parameter
  • C++ Containers overview
  • Variadic Templates

Session: Memory Management

  • The handle/body (Bridge) pattern
  • Using strings effectively
  • Smart Pointers
  • Move constructor in depth
  • Other <memory> features

Session: Inheritance and Polymorphism

  • Base Class Initializer List
  • Composition
  • Member Initialization List
  • Order of Initialization
  • Inheritance vs. Composition
  • Interfaces
  • Polymorphism
  • Chaining Constructors
  • Inheriting Constructors

Session: Exception Handling

  • Exception Handling
  • try and catch
  • Exception Flow of Control
  • Context and Stack Unwinding
  • Handling Exceptions in best Context
  • Benefits of Exception Handling
  • Unhandled Exceptions
  • Clean Up
  • Multiple Catch Handlers

Session: Operator Overloading

  • What is overloadable?
  • Why overload operators?
  • Functors

Session: Unit Testing in C++

  • Unit testing – Quick Overview
  • Unit testing in C++
  • Introduction <catch.hpp>

Session: Functional Programming

  • Overview
  • The IoC pattern
  • Dependency Injection
  • Functions as objects
  • IoC via interface
  • Functors
  • IoC with Functors
  • Implementing Functors
  • Function Pointers
  • IoC with Function Pointers
  • Lambda Expressions
  • Lambda Syntax
  • IoC with Lambdas

Session: Runtime Type Information

  • Runtime Type and Polymorphism
  • type_info Class
  • typeid Operator
  • Compiler Options
  • Safe Pointer Conversions
  • Dynamic Cast
  • New C++ Style Casts
  • Static Cast
  • Reinterpret Cast
  • Const Cast

Session: STL Containers

  • Vectors
  • cpp
  • Vector Operations
  • Typedefs
  • Deques
  • deque as Stack
  • deque Functionality
  • Lists
  • Generic Programming
  • Tradeoff with Lists
  • List Memory Allocation
  • list Functionality
  • Associate Containers
  • Sets
  • Sets with User Defined Objects
  • Multisets (Bags)
  • Maps
  • Multimaps
  • Functional Programming with Containers

Session: STL Iterators

  • Pointers
  • Template Version
  • String Version
  • A Generalization of Pointers
  • STL Iterators
  • Input Iterators
  • Output Iterators
  • Forward Iterators
  • Bidirectional Iterators
  • Random Access Iterators

Session: Threads & Tasks

  • Overview Threads
  • Starting Threads
  • Managing threads
  • Overview of Tasks
  • Tasks
  • async
  • Future & Promise